"The Taj Mahal (/?t??d? m??h??l/ often /?t???/; Hindi: ??? ???, from Persian/Urdu: ??? ???? \"crown of palaces\", pronounced [?t?a?d? m????l]; also \"the Taj\") is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as \"the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage\".\nTaj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles.\nIn 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer."
"The Red Fort, known locally as Lal Qila (Hindi: ??? ?????) is a 17th-century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. The design is commonly credited to Mughal architect Ustad Ahmad. The fort was the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's new capital, Shahjahanabad, the seventh city in the Delhi site. He moved his capital here from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government.\nThe fort lies along the Yamuna River, which fed the moats that surround most of the walls. The wall at its north-eastern corner is adjacent to an older fort, the Salimgarh Fort, a defence built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The construction of the Red Fort began in 1638 and was completed by 1648. The Red Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shah Jahan. The significant phases of development were under Aurangzeb and later under later Mughal rulers. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. The earlier Red Fort was built by Tomara king Anangpala, now known as the Qulb Mosque."
Agra Fort(Red Fort)
"Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ???????? ?????, Urdu: ?????? ??????) is a city and a municipal board in Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh,India. The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.After his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to a new location 23 miles (37 km) W.S.W on the Sikri ridge, to honor the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. Here he commenced the construction of a planned walled city which took the next fifteen years in planning and construction of a series of royal palaces, harem, courts, a mosque, private quarters and other utility buildings. He named the city, Fatehabad, with Fateh, a word of Arabic origin in Persian, meaning \"victorious.\" it was later called Fatehpur Sikri. It is at Fatehpur Sikri that the legends of Akbar and his famed courtiers, the nine jewels or Navaratnas, were born. Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best preserved collections of Mughal architecture in India."
"Tomb of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah (Urdu: ?????? ?????? ?? ??????, I'tim?d-ud-Daulah k? Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Often described as a \"jewel box\", sometimes called the \"Baby T?j\", the tomb of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the T?j Mahal.\nAlong with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tomb in Delhi and Akbar's tomb in Sikandra - to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the T?j Mahal.\nThe mausoleum was commissioned by N?r Jah?n, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg, originally a Persian Amir in exile. who had been given the title of I'tim?d-ud-Daulah (pillar of the state). Mirz? Ghiy?s Beg was also the grandfather of Mumt?z Mah?l (originally named Arj?mand B?no, daughter of Asaf Kh?n), the wife of the emperor Sh?h Jah?n, responsible for the construction of the T?j Mahal."
"he Tomb of Akbar the Great is an important Mughal architectural masterpiece, built 1605-1613, set in 48 Ha (119 acres) of grounds in Sikandra, a suburb of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.The third Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great (1555-1605), himself commenced its construction in around 1600, according to Tartary tradition to commence the construction of one's tomb during one's lifetime. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it. After his death, Akbar's son Jahangir completed the construction in 1605-1613. Akbar was one of the greatest emperors of his time."
Tomb of Akbar the Great
Sw?m? B?gh Sam?dhi
"Mankameshwar Mandir (Temple) in Agra is one of the ancient templesdevoted to Lord Shiva. The temple is situated at Rawatpara, near Agra Fort Railway Station. It is said that the shivlinga is covered by the silver metal and was founded by Lord Shiva himself during Dwapara era, when krishna was born in mathura. For child krishna darshan Shiva arrived from mount kailash and rested here. Shamshaan(cremation ground) yamuna which used to flow here, Shiva meditated and nightstayed at the Mankameshwar Temple. wished if i would be able to make krishna play on my lap i wil put a linga here.Next day after seeing shiva's swaroop, ma yashoda asked shiva not to come near the child as krishna might get afraid of him.Seeing this krishna did a leela(drama), started crying pointing towards shiva who was sitting under a banyan tree in samadhi position.seeing this ma yashoda called lord shiva and asked him to give his blessings to her child(krishna).Coming back from gokul, shiva came back and laid his linga(swaroop) here.Thus,he said my wishes were fulfilled here;Whosoever in coming future comes here with his mankamna(wishes) you lingaswaroop will fulfill his or her mankamna(wishes).From then onwards this lingaswaroop is known as shri mankameshwarnath ji."
"Guru ka Taal is a historical Sikh pilgrimage place dedicated to the memory of ninth Guru Sri Guru Tegh Bahudar Ji. Guru ka Taal is near Sikandra in Agra. The Gurudwara was built over the place where the Guru Tegh Bahadur laid down his arms to offer arrest to Aurangazeb, the Mughal Emperor. Several devotees gather every year to pay homage to the great Sikh guru in this Gurudwara."
Guru ka Tal
"The Masjid-i Jah?n-Num? (Persian: ???? ???? ???, Devanagari: ?????? ???? ????, the 'World-reflecting Mosque'), commonly known as the Jama Masjid (Hindi: ???? ??????, Urdu: ???? ?????) of Delhi, is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, it is the largest and best-known mosque in India. Construction began in 1650 and was completed in 1656. It lies at the beginning of theChawri Bazar Road, a very busy central street of Old Delhi. The later name, Jama Masjid, refers to the weekly Friday noon congregation prayers of Muslims, Jummah, which are usually done in a mosque, the \"congregational mosque\" or \"j?ma masjid\". The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshippers. The mosque also houses several relics in a closet in the north gate, including an antique copy of theQur'an written on deer skin."
"Chini ka Rauza is a funerary monument in Agra, India, containing the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, a scholar and poet who was the Prime Minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The tomb was built in 1635. Chini ka Rauza is situated just 1 kilometer north of Itmad-Ud-DaulahTomb, on the eastern bank of Yamuna river in Agra."
Chini Ka Rauza
"Mughal gardens are a group of gardens built by the Mughals in the Persian style of architecture. This style was heavily influenced by the Persian gardens particularly the Charbagh structure. Significant use of rectilinear layouts are made within the walled enclosures. Some of the typical features include pools, fountains and canals inside the gardens."
Ram Bagh::Paradise garden or Charbagh
"Mariam-uz-Zamani was a Hindu wife of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. According to Jahangir's autobiography Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, Marium uz zaman was the mother of Jahangir. A former Rajput Queen Maryam uz zamani was her name given by Akbar.[clarification needed]\nHer tomb is located in Sikandra, a suburb of Agra and was built by Jahangir. It is located1km from the Tomb of Akbar the Great (sometimes called Sikandra)."
"Mehtab Bagh (Hindi: ?????? ????, Urdu: ?????? ????, translation: Moonlight Garden) is a charbagh complex located in Agra, North India. It is situated north of the Taj Mahal complex and the Agra Fort on the opposite side of the Yamuna River, in the flood plains. The garden complex, square in shape, measures about 300 by 300 metres (980 x 980 ft) and is perfectly aligned with the Taj Mahal on the opposite bank. During the rainy season, the ground becomes partially flooded."
"Keetham lake is a scenic lake just outside Agra on the Agra - Delhi highway (NH 2). The Keetham lake is also known as the Sur Sarovar. It is a tranquil spot, ideal for a relaxed outing. A wide variety of fish and water-birds add to the lake's natural charm and beauty."
"The Moti Masjid (Urdu: ???? ?????, translation: Pearl Mosque) in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. During the rule of Shah Jahan the Mughal emperor, numerous architectural wonders were built. Most famous of them being the Taj Mahal. Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of royal court."