"Chettinad is a region of the Sivaganga district of southern Tamil Nadu state, India. Karaikudi is the capital of Chettinad, which includes Karaikudi and 74 (traditionally 96) other villages. According to the 2011 census, the population in of Karaikudi was 106,793, with an average literacy rate of 91%. Chettinad is the home of the Nattukottai Chettiars (Nagarathar), a prosperous banking and business community. In the 19th and early 20th centuries many of this community migrated to South and Southeast Asia, particularly Ceylon and Burma. The people of Chettinad speak Tamil. Today there is a diaspora of Chettinad people who emigrate the USA, Singapore and Malaysia.\nChettinad is well known for its local cuisine, architecture, and religious temples. \"Chettinad\" also means a social caste specialising in the preparation of food. Chettinads are considered master chefs, and Chettinad cuisine is one of the spiciest and the most aromatic in India. The dishes are pungent and usually topped with a hard boiled egg. Some well-known local dishes are Chicken Chettinad (Spicy Chicken Curry), Veg Chettinad (a vegetable curry) and dishes featuring seafood. In general, beef and pork dishes are not served."
"There are total nine clan temples (family temples) for the Chettiar community. The temples are in the nine clusters of the villages forming the Chettinad. The clan temples are granted by the Pandya Kings. The nine Chettiar Clan temples are at Velankudi, Soorakudi, Nemam, Vairavanpatti, Ilayathangudi, Iranikoil, Pillaiyarpatti, Iluppakudi and Mathur. \nThe Chettiar clan temple of llayathangudi is an ancient temple built on 707 AD and is located at the heartland of Chettinad. The temple is renowned for the exquisite and unique architectural brilliance. The temple is decorated with the unique style of Chettiar community. \nThis temple houses many beautiful structures of various Gods and Goddesses. The idols include those for local legendary characters as well. It has the biggest temple tank in the region."
Chettiar Clan Temple
"Pillaiyar patti Pillaiyar temple is an ancient rock-cut cave shrine dedicated to Ganesha, located at Thiruppatthur (1 km from Thiruppatthur bus stand or Thiruppatthur Thiruthalli Nathar Temple (One of the Thevera temples),[clarification needed] Sivaganga district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.\nIn the cave temple, there are rock cut images of Siva and other gods as well as several shrines. The Agama texts found on stones in the temple help date the temple between the years 1091 and 1238. A unique Tamil image of Pillaiyar found in the temple helps to verify this dating. The presiding deity of the temple is Karpaka Vinayakar or Desi Vinayaka Pillaiyar.\nAs of today, the Pillayarpatti Nagarathar worshipers are involved in conducting daily worship services in the temple, as well as maintaining it. People from all over the state come to the temple for the worship of Pillayar, the Lord of Wisdom.\nThe Ganesh Chaturthi / Vinayaka Chaturthi festival, is celebrated for 10 days in a grand manner every year during the months of August and September. During that time, great numbers of pilgrims gather and participate in the Car Festival. Like all Shaivite temples, Pillayarpatti temple also has Lord Shiva as its presiding deity. The lord's name is Arjunapureeswarar. This temple is most famous for the rock cut Vinayagar (Ganesha) sitting majestically inside a cave."