Desert Culture Centre and Museum
"Haveli is the term used for a private mansion in India and Pakistan, usually one with historical and architectural significance. The word haveli is derived from Arabic haveli probably through Persian hawli, meaning \"an enclosed place.\" They share similar features with other mansions derived from Islamic Architecture such as the traditional mansions in Morocco called hawli"
"Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest forts in the world. It is situated in Jaisalmer city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it derives it name. The fort stands proudly amidst the golden stretches of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill, and has been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the \"Golden Fort\". This fort, popularly known as the 'Sonar quila' by the locals, is located in the very heart the city, and is one of the most breathtaking monuments in the locality."
Jaisalmer Fort (Sonar Kila)
"Jaisalmer About this sound pronunciation (help.info) (Rajasthani: ???????), nicknamed \"The Golden city\", is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 kilometres (357 mi) west of the state capital Jaipur. It was once known as Jaisalmer state. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert (great Indian desert) and has a population of about 78,000. It is the administrative headquarters of Jaisalmer District."
Jaisalmer Folkfore Museum
"Rajmahal Hills are hills formed from rocks dating from the Jurassic Period and named after the town of Rajmahal which lies to the east in the state of Jharkhand in India. The hills are oriented in a north-south axis with an average elevation of 200-300 m (600-1,000 ft). The River Ganges meanders around the hills changing direction of flow from eastwards to southwards. Volcanic activity in the Jurassic caused the formation of these hills. The hills are approximately located at 25°N 87°E\nThe upper regions of the Rajmahal Hills are inhabited by the Sauria Paharia tribe while the valleys are dominated by the Santhal tribe who cultivate the land. According to the last population count of the Paharias in 1985, their numbers stood at approximately 1.85 lakh."
"Tazia Tower, one of the major tourist destinations in Jaisalmer, is an amazing five storied structure. This marvelous attraction is located at the eye catching complex of Badal Palace near Amar Sagar Gate. The Tazia Tower is credited with imposing balconies in each of its floor and they are pretty attractive with its distinct design and architectural style. \nThe Tazia Tower was gifted by the architects to the Royal patrons of Badal palace. It was built by Muslim craftsmen and is a replica of Mausoleums of Muslim saints. This Tazia Tower was made out of wood and thermocol. The tower is adorned by many colored papers and carvings."
"Akal wood fossils park located at Jaisalmer spreads over 21 hectare. It is assumed that this park has an age of about 180 million years. This is a natural real wonder and the whole area is protected and preserved presently due to its archaeological worth. It is believed that more fossils are lying in deep and still excavations are going on in this region. \nMammoth fossilized tree trunks and centuries old sea shells are significant specimens of the geological history of the Indian deserts. The largest specimen of the fossil obtained is of size 7 m by 1.5 m. This is an ideal tourist spot for geological and Archeological enthusiasts."
Akal Wood Fossil Park
"Bada Bagh, also called Barabagh (literally Big Garden) is a garden complex about 6 km north of Jaisalmer on way to Ramgarh, and halfway between Jaisalmer and Lodhruva in the state of Rajasthan in India. It contains a set of royal cenotaphs, or chhatris of Maharajas of Jaisalmer state, starting with Jai Singh II (d. 1743)."
"Gadisagar, a man made reservoir built in 1156 AD, is one of the most favorite tourist attraction in Jaisalmer. It was originally constructed by the King Jaisal and later it was reconstructed by Maharaja Garsi Singh in 1367 AD, making a new name 'Lake Gadsisar'. During the Rajput clan period, it was the only resource for the drinking water in Jaisalmer. \nThe lake is marvelously placed in a picturesque surroundings and an imposing sandstone entrance known as Tilon-ki-Pol opens to the lake. A grand Krishna temple is also placed at the gate. The banks of the Gadi Sagar enclose superbly maintained gardens, temples and majestically carved Chattris. \nDuring the imposing festivities of Gangaur festival, the Gadsisar liven up with illuminations and the eye catching processions. This lake is a stop over for many migratory birds on their way to lakes in Kerala. The tourists can enjoy the exciting boating in this lake."
"Mool Sagar, set up by Maharawal Mool Raj in 1780, is an eye pleasing picnic spot in Jaisalmer. The place is credited with a cute, compact but attractive palace, a breathtaking garden with varieties of blooming plants and a spectacular reservoir. A medieval period Shiva temple assumed to be carved out of a pair of sandstones is a popular religious attraction here. \nThe place was a summer retreat for the Royal family members. There are three important Jain temples in this palace. These temples are dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras known as Rishabadev, Parsavnath and Sambhavnath. The place offers rich lush green environment in the desert."
"In Jainism, Chandraprabhu was the eighth Tirthankara of the present age or Avasarpini. According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma. Chandraprabhu was born to King Mahasena and Queen Lakshmana Devi at Chandrapuri to the Ikshvaku dynasty. His birth-date was the twelfth day of the Posh Krishna month of the Indian calendar."
"The main agricultural caste in Rajasthan is the Jats: they comprise the largest single caste in the state (9 per cent), and were, in the 1930s and even earlier, the most self-conscious and prosperous among the peasant castes. In 1935 their claims to certain privileges led to a series of clashes between them and the Rajputs, who resisted their attempts to revise accepted signs of status. The clash of 1935 is reminiscent of similar ones in other areas between lower castes on the rise and higher established castes. \nThe Jat demonstrations broke out in Sikar, the largest thikana in Jaipur State, and involved both economic and social issues. The Jats in the area had formed two associations, the Sikarwati Jat Panchayat and the Jat Kisan Sabha, and had received some help and encouragement from the British Indian province of Uttar Pradesh. Some of these \"outsiders\" were organizers for the socialist-oriented Kisan Sabha which attempted to mobilize the peasantry in the 1930s in response to radical pressures in the Congress.\nThe initial demonstration in Khuri village on March 27, 1935, was occasioned by a social issue, whether a Jat bridegroom should be allowed to ride to his bride's house on a horse, a ceremonial act asserting higher station than Rajputs were prepared to concede. 20 March 1935 was a day of marriage in a Jat family in Khuri. The barat had come and they were preparing for the toran ceremoney with bridegroom riding a horse. The Rajputs objected, the Jats insisted, fighting broke out, and an old Jat Ratan Singh Bajiya was killed. Jats and Rajputs gathered in large number. Jats sat on dharna and refused to return the barat. The incident led to further clashes, and the thikana police, the Sikar Lancers, under command of the English chief of the Sikar police Captain veb reached Khuri on 27 March 1935, warned the crowd to disperse. The Rajputs dispersed but Jats did not move. Captain Veb charged the Jat crowds with lathis (quarter-staffs), killed four Jats and injured about 100 Jats. The incidence of Khuri was condemned all the news papers and by Mahatma Gandhi wrote a strong note in Harijan news paper about this incidence.\nThis incident was followed by others as Jats in the area protested against the revenue collections and resisted and attacked Sikar revenue officials on April 22, 1935 at Bhainrupura and at Kudan village on April 25, 1935. The Sikar police killed four Jats while putting down this last demonstration and arrested 104 persons. The anti-rent agitation eventually involved some twenty-one villages, and local headmen were as active as any outsiders. A school where, according to the Jaipur durbar, unlawful doctrines were being preached by a Jat teacher from outside the state, was knocked down. The agitation had some effects. The Rao Raja of Sikar remitted all arrears of revenue previous to 1934 and promised to open schools, provide loans where needed, and embark on a permanent land settlement that would introduce some certainty into the vagaries of the thikana's revenue demand."